B.S. (Met. Eng), University of Michigan, 1952
M.S. (Met. Eng.), University of Michigan, 1955
PhD (Met. Eng.), University of Michigan, 1958
Alloy design and materials processing are the major fields of interest. Nickel-base superalloys, very high strength Maraging Steels and Magnesium alloys are subsets of this focus. Injection molding of Magnesium alloys is a speciality in the technology of materials processing.
Biomaterials and Highway Research have been additional topics of specialization.